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How To Become A Buy And Hold Real Estate Investor

Joe Manausa, MBA
3 min read

Today’s post is the third in a series of articles written about the real estate buy and hold investment strategy. After writing The Return of the Real Estate Buy And Hold Strategy and the follow-up Real Estate Buy And Hold Case Study, today’s promised article will be a real-world, actionable piece on implementing the strategy today.

In order to show the reader the effectiveness of a real estate buy and hold strategy, I have spent a total of 5 minutes looking for a property in the Tallahassee MLS (Multiple Listing Service). This might not be the best deal to be found, but the point is that in literally “no time flat” I found a property that if purchased, would return better than 20% on an annualized basis to the investor who purchased this property. Can you imagine what could be found with a full search of the entire market?

Becoming A Real Estate Buy And Hold Investor

Before I identify the property for analysis, I want to review the basic foundation of the buy and hold strategy, as well as identify the assumptions that are required in order to produce the property analysis. Note: The short video below explains the entry and exit point strategy for the real estate buy and hold investor.

The simple strategy that we will explore with this blog post requires us to buy a property (today) when values are trading below replacement costs and then sell it in the future when the market value meets or exceeds replacement costs. The buy and hold real estate investor anticipates that long term population trends will rise, construction costs will rise, and that the normal “rules” for supply and demand will continue to govern the market cycles in real estate, thus this opportunity will arise in a future market cycle.

Selecting A Property To Buy And Hold

Home For Sale In Tallahassee ImageThe process of selecting a property for a real estate investor with long-term hold plans is rather simple. We want to choose a home or commercial property that can be purchased well-below it’s replacement cost and which will provide a steady income stream during the period of ownership.

To ensure that continuation of income streams, one must have a keen grasp of the local market conditions as well as the underlying drivers for growth. I would not recommend buying outside of a market area in which you or a trusted real estate professional is not active.

The property pictured here is a short sale listed in Tallahassee for $65K. It is within a short driving distance to all three major colleges and features 2,050 square feet of heated and cooled living space. With five bedrooms and 2.5 baths, it will be a great revenue machine for the real estate buy and hold investor.

Forecasting Results With A Buy And Hold Property

Acquisition Of Real Estate Buy And Hold PropertyI have not visited the above property, so I am going to assume it needs a good bit of work. It is located in a fairly good student-rental section of Tallahassee, so an asking price of $32 per square foot makes me believe it needs some signficant renovations. For the purpose of this analysis, I will anticipate paying full price, plus closing costs, plus roughly $30K in renovations for a total acquisition price of $100,000.

My assumptions are listed on the right, and please note the very conservative nature of the assumptions. Specifically, operating expenses will run at 55% of collected rents and rents will rise at a 2% rate (consistent with inflation). Finally, I assume the Tallahassee housing market will recover in time for the home to be sold in 10 years at a price consistent with the cost of replacement.

After running the numbers on this investment, we find a wonderful opportunity featuring a 30%+ internal rate of return on our $20K leveraged investment. The following table shows the anticipated cash flow estimate.

Proforma Income Statement For Real Estate Buy And Hold AnalysisROI in a real estate transaction graph

Even if the up-front renovations are double our estimate of $30K, the annualized return on investment still exceeds 30%! The benefits of a long-term hold plan show through with leveraged appreciation, and so long as the investor has not created a “must sell” scenario, then returns like this will be plentiful as we sit at a market full of great buying opportunities.

Note By BiggerPockets: These are opinions written by the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions of BiggerPockets.