8 Problems I Look for When Shopping for Rental Properties

by | BiggerPockets.com

Yes, you read that correctly.

When looking for a rental property, I actually proactively look for problems. Sure, it’s entirely possible to buy a rental property that is 100% finished and great, and perhaps for you and your business model, that is what you should do. But for me, I want to find problems that I can fix that will help me get a better deal.

How do problems get me a better deal?

It’s simple: when most people encounter the following eight problems, they turn around and walk out the door, repulsed and saying, “No way!” I walk into that same property, take a look around, and start to get excited. In fact, it’s hard for me to be excited about a property that doesn’t have problems! It’s the fear of dealing with problems that drives most people away, and with less competition, I know I can find better deals.

Before I get to the list, I will caution you: with problems comes risk. It’s imperative that you understand the full nature of the problem at hand and that you include an accurate budget to fix that problem when doing your numbers. Whether you are using a spreadsheet you created or the amazing BiggerPockets Rental Property Calculator, just be sure to include an accurate amount to cover each problem. If you are unsure how to properly estimate repair costs, I recommend picking up a copy of J Scott’s excellent book The Book on Estimating Rehab Costs: The Investor’s Guide to Defining Your Renovation Plan, Building Your Budget, and Knowing Exactly How Much It All Costs, which you can find on Amazon or at BiggerPockets.com/flippingbook.

With that, let’s get to the eight problems.

8 Problems I Look for When Shopping for Rental Properties

1. The Bigfoot Smell

When you walk into a house, and it smells like bigfoot died in the kitchen, is your first thought, “I gotta get outta here?” The truth is, most people respond with disgust, but seasoned investors see opportunity. Bad smells are one of the easiest problems to fix in a property but one of the things that drives away 99% of the competition. Bad smells are generally caused by one or more of a few things, none of which are difficult to solve:

  • Rotten food in the cupboards or rubbed into the carpet
  • Cat or dog urine soaked into the floor
  • Smoke residue on the walls, ceiling, and floor
  • Mildew on the windows, walls, or other surfaces
  • Bigfoot dead in the kitchen

As long as you are not dealing with some kind of environmental issue or a major sewer leak under the house, you’ll likely find smells are fairly easy to eliminate with some cleaning. To get rid of the smell, go through the following list in order and stop when the smell is gone:

  1. Carpet: In my experience, getting rid of the carpet and the pad underneath will get rid of 90% of the problem immediately, so plan on hiring a couple people for a few hours to remove the smelly carpet. For less than $100, most of your problem will be solved. Open all the windows and let the property air out for a few hours.
  2. Mop: Mop the floor with a mixture of bleach and water. Let it dry, and open the windows to air the place out. (It can take a day or two for the smell of bleach to disappear and let you know if the smell is truly gone.)
  3. Clean: Make sure every crumb in the kitchen is picked up and all windows have been washed. Obviously, you will need to do this anyway, so find a professional cleaner who can come in and clean every square inch.
  4. Prime the Floors: If the smell persists, buy some cans of Kilz Oil-Based Primer and a long-handled paint roller from the local hardware store. Pour the primer out onto the floor (this is a lot of fun, actually!) and spread it over every square inch. I will warn you: oil-based primer is strong smelling, so be sure to use a respirator (they run about $30) so you don’t pass out. I’m not kidding—you will pass out otherwise. I’ve been there, done that. The chemicals are just too potent.
  5. Wash the Walls: This approach is most commonly used when dealing with stale smoke smell. Get a good sponge and a bucket of soapy water, and scrub the walls. Often, you will be able to physically watch the smoke residue wipe away from the walls, which is an oddly satisfying experience.
  6. Prime/Paint the Walls/Ceiling: Lastly, and for situations where the other approaches have not solved the problem, hire someone to spray the entire inside of the house with that Kilz Oil-Based Primer (about $200 in primer will do a whole house, plus two days of labor).

Related: The #1 Money-Saving DIY Skill Every Rehabber Should Learn

Following these steps, I’ve never had a problem smell I could not eliminate. Whether you do the task yourself or hire a local handyman to do it for you, the entire process is unlikely to cost more than $1,000 (not including the cost of the new carpet, which you are likely planning to replace anyway), and you’ll have a fresh, clean, and newly painted property, ready for a new tenant. The great news is that a bad smell can drive the cost of a home down considerably, maybe even tens of thousands of dollars. Now you understand why investors often say, “Mmmmm, it smells like money!”

One final caveat on the smell issue: make sure the smell is not coming from a busted sewer line under the property or in the basement or something tragic like that. That fix could be much more expensive. If you are unsure what is causing the bad smell in a property, bring along someone with more experience and/or be sure to get a professional inspection on the property.


2. The Hidden Third Bedroom

I mentioned earlier that I don’t like two-bedroom homes for a rental property. However, there is one case where I get very excited about buying a 2-bedroom home: when there is a hidden third bedroom. No, I’m not talking about some mysterious bedroom hidden behind a wall (though admittedly, that would be pretty cool!). I’m talking about taking a room that is not considered a bedroom and turning it into one.

For example, the other day, I checked out a house that had 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom, a laundry room, and then a large “storage room” next to the laundry. This storage room was 10 feet by 12 feet—the perfect size for a bedroom. The walls were finished, the floor just needed carpet, and a door needed to be added. In other words, to turn this 2-bedroom home into a 3-bedroom home, I was looking at maybe $3,000 of labor and materials.

As a 2-bedroom, the property was worth about $90,000. However, as a 3-bedroom home, that same house was worth closer to $115,000. Why the agent didn’t list it as a 3-bedroom, I’ll never know. But I see this kind of thing all the time. In many cases, the difference in house value between a 2-bedroom and a 3-bedroom can be significantly higher than the cost of converting a “hidden bedroom” into a functional, legal bedroom. This helps build some immediate equity in the property, since you’re paying for a 2-bedroom but will own a 3-bedroom. In case you are wondering, the jump from 3 bedrooms to 4 bedrooms is likely not the same as from 2 to 3, so I usually stick to the latter.

Of course, not all 2-bedroom homes have this hidden bedroom; most don’t. But I’ve found that around 20% of 2-bedroom properties do have some potential for a third bedroom. Keep an eye out for this kind of property, and look for keywords like “bonus room,” “attic,” and “huge bedroom” (which can often be split in two).

3. Ugly Countertops and Cabinets

You’ve likely heard the phrase “kitchens and baths sell houses,” and it’s not an exaggeration! People spend a large amount of time in the kitchen, and nothing says “1979” like bright orange countertops or ugly cabinets. Most people simply avoid houses with these problems. Those people don’t realize how easy it can be to transform an ugly kitchen into a modern, beautiful one with just some new counters and a fresh coat of paint on the cabinets.

Yes, that’s right, many times you can paint old cabinets to make them look brand new! Rust-Oleum sells a really nice cabinet refinishing kit for less than $100 at Home Depot that will turn nasty cabinets into modern works of art.

Furthermore, replacing countertops is a fairly straightforward process. You can pick up prefabricated laminate countertops from Home Depot or Lowe’s for a few hundred bucks and have it installed in a couple of hours, or you can spring for nicer granite or quartz if the neighborhood style demands it. All in all, don’t be scared off by 1979! It’s entirely possible to turn a dated, ugly kitchen into a gorgeous one for less than $1,000, so look for easy wins like that to snag a great deal!

4. The Bad Roof

This one might come as a bit of a shock to people, because a leaking roof seems like it would be a pretty major problem. However, I like finding properties that are in desperate need of a new roof, because it scares off a lot of the competition, and getting a new roof is not a difficult process. Yes, it can be fairly expensive, but I can usually get the current roof removed and a new one put on for less than $6,000, and it’s completed in just one or two days.

Now I don’t need to worry about the roof leaking on my rental property for many, many years, and I can factor that into my budget. Keep in mind that roofing costs can vary wildly depending on the contractor you consult. In my area, the two largest contractors will typically charge between $15,000 and $20,000 to replace a roof, and because they are the largest roofing contractors in my area, most people call both and get bids from both, only to find that the bids are within a few hundred dollars
of each other.

Little do they know that the companies are actually owned by the same person, so of course, the bids come in the same! If they took the time to call a few more contractors, they’d discover that the cost of a roof is usually less than $6,000 from nearly everyone else in town—same materials, same quality, but drastically different prices. So keep that in mind when shopping for your next roof. Don’t get taken advantage of! Shop around, ask for referrals, and then check up on those referrals. Don’t let a bad roof overwhelm you, but instead, look at the opportunity!

5. M…M… Mold?!

Uh oh, did I just say the M word? Yep! And yes, mold is one of best problems I look for when buying a property. You see, mold is a scary thing to the average consumer, maybe even to you, but it shouldn’t be. You see, mold is a fungus that grows naturally everywhere. It’s in your house right now. It’s in your car. It’s probably in your beard and in your hair. It’s in the air you breathe, all the time, if you live in a wet climate. (Still scared?) Mold is everywhere that there is moisture.

Related: Rehabbers Beware: 5 Big Issues Distressed Properties Hide (& How to Detect Them)

However, when mold spores begin to settle and accumulate in large quantities, suddenly the human eye can detect the mold and will start to see spots of black or green on certain surfaces. Now, if there is enough mold in an area, it can be dangerous to people with certain immune system problems, but in small quantities, it’s not like anthrax, as much of the U.S. population seems to think. But let’s just them keep thinking that mold is just slightly worse than eating a spoonful of ricin; while they are out there complaining about a few spots of mold in a property, I’m out there investigating why there is mold and snatching up amazing deals.

Mold is not a random occurrence; it happens for a reason. That reason is moisture. Eliminate the moisture, and you eliminate the visible mold! If you walk into a potential rental property, and there is mold all over the bathroom walls, and then you notice that there are no windows or a vent in the bathroom, guess what? That’s right, the mold is growing because the moisture from showers can’t leave the bathroom. Install a vent, and the problem is probably solved. Mold all over the ceiling? I would wager that there is
either a roof leak or no ceiling insulation directly above the moldy spot (so, condensation in the room is forming on the cold spot where the insulation is missing, causing mold growth).

The only mold I would really worry about is mold in basement walls, because it indicates water seeping in through the foundation—and that begins to scare me. Fixing a bad, leaking foundation can be incredibly complicated and expensive, so unless you are more experienced, I would steer clear of those issues.


6. Compartmentalized Configuration

Compartmentalization is the characteristic found in many homes, especially older properties, where the rooms were designed to be separate from each other. Today, there is a movement toward open-concept living, in which the living room, dining room, and kitchen have no clear borders and all kind of blend together. People want to cook in the kitchen while still engaging with the rest of their family in the living room or dining room, but properties that are severely compartmentalized do not allow for this and are therefore not as desirable to the average homeowner.

As with the rest of the items in this list, anything that drives away the general population makes me take interest. Compartmentalization is a problem that intrigues me for two different reasons. First, in a rental property, compartmentalization is not always a problem, so you can pick up a house for less than other similar homes, but it might not rent for any less. Second, compartmentalized properties can be “opened up” fairly easily to modernize them. Usually for less than $2,000, a contractor can go in and tear out a wall to open the property up, increasing the desirability, and thus, its value.

7. Jungle Landscaping

You’ve likely heard the term “curb appeal” before and probably know the importance of having a property look pristine from the street. After all, the landscaping is the very first thing potential buyers see when they visit the property. This is why I love to find properties where the yard looks less like a yard and more like Tarzan’s jungle. Long grass, dead grass, overgrown bushes, pink flamingos—it’s all good! Landscaping is not a terribly difficult or expensive thing to clean up, but the bad condition can drive away the bulk of the competition and help you snag a great deal. It’s amazing what a simple cleaning, mowing, and edging can do to a property, and typically for less than $1,000, a problematic landscape situation can become a nice yard.

8. Junk, Junk, and More Junk

Have you ever watched the television show Hoarders? This show takes you inside the homes of individuals who have the compulsive habit of saving or collecting an absurd amount of junk.

Sometimes the house is filled so high with junk that it’s impossible to get into certain rooms. While this makes for highly entertaining television, this is not some mythological thing: hoarding is a real and very common problem for people around the world. When these hoarders need to move or they pass away, the junk they leave behind can be a major roadblock for casual buyers. However, when I see junk, I don’t see a problem, I see opportunity. I might be able to get an incredible deal on the property because no one else wants to handle the problem! I can simply hire someone to come clean it out 100%, bringing it to a point where I can put in new carpet, perhaps paint it, and get it rented out for incredible cash flow.

We’re republishing this article to help out our newer readers.

What issues do you seek out to unearth a great deal?

Leave your comments below!

About Author

Brandon Turner

Brandon Turner is an active real estate investor, entrepreneur, writer, and co-host of the BiggerPockets Podcast. He began buying rental properties and flipping houses at age 21, discovering he didn’t need to work 40 years at a corporate job to have “the good life.” Today, with nearly 100 rental units and dozens of rehabs under his belt, he continues to invest in real estate while also showing others the power, and impact, of financial freedom. His writings have been featured on Forbes.com, Entrepreneur.com, FoxNews.com, Money Magazine, and numerous other publications across the web and in print media. He is the author of The Book on Investing in Real Estate with No (and Low) Money Down, The Book on Rental Property Investing, and co-author of The Book on Managing Rental Properties, which he wrote alongside his wife, Heather, and How to Invest in Real Estate, which he wrote alongside Joshua Dorkin. A life-long adventurer, Brandon (along with Heather and daughter Rosie) splits his time between his home in Washington State and various destinations around the globe.


  1. karen rittenhouse

    Very helpful information!

    As a general rule, I don’t like to have more than about $5000 rehab in anything I hold. Anything over that and I flip the property. Liquidity is king!

    Repair costs are one of the things that help me determine what I’ll keep for a rental and what I’ll flip.

    Thanks for the post, Brandon.

  2. tim boehm

    In my humble opinion zinsser beats Kilz on cat piss 10 to 1 and I buy both in the 5 gallon bucket size! Right in the middle of a cat piss house right now, all 5k ft of her. After over 40 years in the contracting business I must say we think alike!

  3. Christopher Smith

    I would agree 100% on the mold issue insofar as it i s ridiculously over hyped as genuine health issue or bona fide environmental threat. However, its not me that need the convincing its the legal community (good luck with that).

    Where I reside the finding of significant mold can set you up for some very serious liability issues if a disgruntled tenant decides to pursue legal action against a landlord, and the applicant of all the common sense and rational thought in the world won’t help a bit.

    My management company has paid some hefty settlements on this issue and remediation clean up costs can be astronomically high. Here at least, you just can’t ring up the local Molly Maid with a can of bleach and cover yourself, you need to bring in teams that have been certified to handle mold issues which means huge preparation costs sealing off affected areas, guys wearing space suits, the whole nine yards.

    Again this preoccupation to me goes well beyond absurdity because as you have mentioned we all live in environments where mold spores are literally everywhere in some meaningful level of concentration. What’s that old expression “we have nothing to fear but fear itself”, (and some litigation happy personal injury attorney).

  4. Susan Maneck

    Here in Mississippi you need to add more than a door to make a room a bedroom. It also has to have a closet. I’ve done that once, making a three bedroom into a four bedroom. But there is one thing on your list I avoid like the plague: mold. Tenants look to cry ‘mold’ when they are months behind in the rent and I’ve known judges to listen. For that reason I won’t buy houses with leaky roofs either. Bad roofs, okay but no active leaks. I have no idea how long the property has sat that way and how much mold damage has been done. As for smelly houses, one of the best investments I every made was to buy a house from a fellow university professor. It smelled to high heaven of cat urine and I replaced all the carpets with laminated flooring. But otherwise this property had not only been kept up but major improvements were made. It has required less in maintenance than any of my other properties.

  5. Dan Heuschele

    I agree with your list but I have had a smell from heavy cigar smokers that has shown to not be easy to get rid of. I did everything on your list except priming the foundation (it was cement foundation and had been covered with carpet and pad). But in addition to your list I pulled down the textured ceiling, used an ozoner (I do not believe it helps for cigar smoke but does help for pet urine), and used an industrial deorderizer. When the unit is sealed up for a couple days I can still smell the cigar smoke.

    Would I let it stop me from making the purchase at the right price? No. But it has proved difficult getting rid of that smell and I do not believe priming the foundation would have helped much.

    If we purchase a unit without fans in the bathroom that is one of our first “upgrades”. We like to place them on the light switch so tenants use it. It helps with mold and other water damage. I have seen ceiling fans in adjoining rooms ruined by moisture (the blades warp down).

    I think it is a good list but I think your roof could use some clarification similar to your water clarification. Roofs can have structural issues that can be more costly than putting on new shingles. Water leakage could contribute to roof structural damage (weather rot).

  6. Kim Forgione

    Great article! Thanks Brandon. I just have to play devil’s advocate here and mention my mom has acquired some serious long-term health issues from mold exposure (breathing difficulties, limited motility in her arms, and falling down so often as to now need a walker). You never know who is sensitive to it, so maybe be careful downplaying the potential hazards of mold in such a general sense 🙂

  7. Chris Jensen

    Brandon, I didn’t see foundation problems on your list. Or other concrete issues like driveways, sidewalks, etc. In what circumstances (if ever) would you include foundation or concrete issues in your list? Others, feel free to chime in as well.

  8. Andrew Babcock

    One issue I’ve encountered involving smells in a trashed house is dead rats, birds or raccoons that died deep inside of the crawlspace or walls.. you can’t smell it in the winter but once the sun comes out (add heat) the house will truly smell like bigfoot died in the kitchen.. its a pretty distinct smell if you’ve ever smelled it and could be costly to locate and remove the dead animal.. cheers, good luck out there!!

  9. Jason Ray Richardson

    Great article, as usual, Brandon. I bought a house next door to me out of foreclosure last year for 32,000 that now fixed (cost 40,000) appraises for 148,000. There was no one hardly at the auction because the grass was so high and they didn’t know what was wrong with it and were afraid to bid higher. I had been in the property because I knew the former occupants. I just purchased a house down the street from me that was in need of a lot of repair and had been on the market for 1 1/2 years. It had termite damage, needed a roof and desperate need of updating. At the end I will have around 130,000 in the house but the ARV is 248,000. Like you’ve said before when some people smell the bad smells I smell $$$.

  10. Tyler Rowland

    Brandon, I am so grateful for this article. Not only has it helped me to find a solution with a four-plex I am currently evaluating, but you have helped me understand the possible reasons that it has not been snatched up thus far. I really needed a mentor to tell me what to do, and you did just that in this article. You are probably a superhero. Thanks!

  11. Al Mac

    One question to Brandon or anybody else in this discussion.
    Say that there was mold in the property when you bought it, during rehab the drywall was removed, windows cleaned up so no more signs of mold, everything was treated and repainted and the property looks like new.
    Tenants come in, never open the windows or turn on the exhaust fan, and then mold starts showing up. Tenants don’t notify you and after a few months you come for the inspection and discover the mold.
    Do you blame it on the tenant that he didn’t turn on the fan and didn’t open the windows etc? Could the tenant sue you because of the mold? (he helped create). Do you fix the problem at tenant’s expense?
    What would you do?
    It seems to me that if you go ahead and just fix the problem the tenant could come back later and claim illness due to the mold (again he helped create).
    Any thoughts?

    • Manon Sheiman

      One person mentioned fans that turn on with the light switch, another mentioned fans that turn on automatically when a certain level of humidity is detected. Either one should prevent the problem, I would think, although the one that turns on with the light switch may be less expensive. Just my thoughts.

    • Jeremy A.

      put house rules in each.lease.
      never allow window to be opened as solution for humidity its too passive and subjective
      use active direct insulated venting with automatic connected to bath light.
      each time bath light on properly sized fan is venting space.
      avg bath fan is under sized for sqft and numbet users.

  12. Greg Gaudet

    Great article, I totally agree with all of your points and I look for those deterrents too.

    But as an IICRC certified mold remediation technician I have to say that some of the things you said about mold are not quite true. Even small amounts of mold can be very dangerous to a persons health. It’s very true that mold spores are all around us every day, everywhere, and like you said, once drywall gets wet it will accumulate and grow mold; But there are hundreds of thousands of strands of mold – most are harmless to MOST people, some have positive benefits, like penicilium that is used to make penicillin; and some are extremely dangerous to most people, like Stachybotrys (AKA the famous “black mold”, even though most molds appear black). At the end of the day, you never want to have mold growing in your property and if you’re renting the property you want to be VERY careful about how you handle mold! I highly recommend calling an IICRC certified mold restoration company to come take a look at any areas of concern. If they are a reputable company they will shoot you straight, and if it’s a minor issue that you can just cut a little drywall out and replace, they should tell you… but there are also many cases that you should not touch and leave to the professionals.

    We tend to compare mold to peanut butter…. most people could eat a whole jar of PB and be fine, while some people could die from one bite..

    Anyway thanks for the article! Just felt that because of my training I have a bit of an obligation to make sure the public is informed!

    • Kevin Sucher

      Mold needs to things water and food remove one or both for mold remediation. Just because there is a fan there doesn’t mean it is being used or is big enough. You can get automatic fans that work off of humidity levels.

    • Vishakha Penney

      I’ve started wiring the fan to the light in bathrooms whenever possible, so that to turn on the light, the fan comes on automatically. This can help to avoid the issue of tenants not using the exhaust fan. Also, 10% bleach in water works wonders.

  13. Vishakha Penney

    Great article, thanks! My personal experience prompts me to point out one caveat. I purchased a property at auction that was filled to the gills with junk. It was thought to be occupied so it was not possible to check it out in advance but even if I had tried it would have been impossible to determine the condition of the underlying structure because of the amount of junk. Turns out, it needed to be gutted down to the studs. What I thought would be a 15-25K project turned into a 60K project…and now I have a basically brand new house in a C- class hood. Will still make a decent return, but nothing close to what we had projected. At least our cap-x costs will be low for the next 20 years. 😉

  14. chad matthews

    What is that famous phrase??? Beauty is in the eye of the investor … Where one person sees problems, another sees opportunity! Change your perspective to change your life.

    As I often tell my own kids as I train them in real estate; “There are gold nuggets laying around everywhere, most people just don’t know how to find them” (they are often hiding under a sagging roof, nasty carpet, or old cabinets)

  15. Dave Ripka

    I am a beginner at buying properties and have found your advice very helpful. As for the mold, I myself can not be around it. As it will cause swelling of my breathing passages. being in the H.V.A.C. field for some 30 yrs. And being in a lot of homes, condos, offices, people have complained that some of the rooms or areas are hot in summer, cold in winter. if it has hot air specialty if it is a heat pump. mechanic’s come in and feel the air coming from the supply vent that is blowing into the room , but they say it is not enough to keep it warm or cool I have found that in some building that when they installed the systems they failed to put return air in each space as you must as much air being returned as is supplied heating and cooling is calculated on air changes with an average space should have anywhere between 6 to 10 air changes an hr. certain air temperatures along with air changes will give the desired effect. a lot of equipment is sold and does not solve the problem then they say the duct work has to be replaced? but the cost is very hi and they just bought larger equipment to solve the problem! In-fact now they are paying for usage they are not using and thus paying higher energy bills each month ! I hope this helps someone as it is a very common problem. good luck and thanks for all your help

  16. Jeremy A.

    as 17 yr certified mold inspector, certified mold remediator, certified mold assessor, and biocide applicator,
    and indoor air quality specialist.
    Mold is bit more specialized but not as easy as adding bleach and kilz. neither will fix mold.

    sorry no your picture of spray bottle bleach won’t stop or kill mold either root structures and bleach avgs 80% water and can’t penetrate fungus and decreases effectiveness,
    it better on bacteria thus removing some smells color etc but its toxic to humans and environment. prefer natural uvx, ionization and high levels ozone in vacant area.

    yes physically removing damaged materials and stopping water source is important if visible over 15sqft , but you must also protect air and surfaces area with neg pressure and containment and hepa filter and negative charge particles spores to drop out air so tenants can’t react to them. as improper treatment can leave them suspended for years increasing reactions.
    i recommend only two systems in world that accomplish this mechanically inside any size building. i don’t use nor recommend most toxic biocides like big franchise disaster companies use who must also register train with epa on health hazards of these toxic chemicals and danger usually worse than issue at hand especially to 25% tenants who chem or mold sensitive.
    if want more details landlords to lower legal liability in each case with few simple steps pm me.

  17. Michael Arrieta

    You may have just saved me a ton of money with this post! I remember vaguely reading this in the past and wanted to reference again after reviewing my inspection report for my first (would have been) rental property. Your advice on mold I took at full face value! Turned out my property had large spots of mold at the base of walls in the basement with large cracks along the walls. It indicated the soil was pushing the walls in, previous repairs had been made but not adequate since movement had continued. You gave me almost verbatim what to look out for in this article said it’s a large problem, I definitely didn’t want to tackle that for my first property so immediately went back to the owner and exercised my inspection contingency clause. Thanks!

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