A Bag Of Money To Buy A Loaf Of Bread?


As a little boy I used to ask my grandmother to tell me stories of her life as a young girl in Germany. She was always reluctant to talk about it, but I was usually able to coax something out of her. I didn’t understand until I was much older, but her reluctance was a result of the pain those memories caused.

One of the stories that she would tell took place after the First World War. Germany lost and, in so doing, agreed to the Treaty of Versailles. In addition to the loss of geographical territory, the German Weimar Republic was forced to pay enormous sums in reparations. In essence, the Germans had to pay for all of the damage done in the war. Germany did not have the financial means to pay these damages and their solution was to just print money.

Catastrophic Consequences

As this new money moved into circulation the impact was devastating to the German economy. The inflation rate was absolutely staggering. A few years after the end of the war the German economy had an inflation rate in excess of 300% per month! The economy had essentially collapsed and the country was experiencing a depression of enormous proportions. This set the stage for the rise of the Nazi party several years later.

Which brings us back to my grandmother’s story. She would tell me how her father and brothers, all coal miners, would get paid twice a day. The currency was devaluing so fast that it needed to be spent as fast as it was earned. My grandmother told of collecting the money and going shopping for food. The grocers didn’t even bother counting it, they just estimated the amount by how large the stack was. A loaf of bread could be purchased for two bags of money in the morning, by the afternoon the price might be three bags. The currency had so little value that people would burn it in their stoves for heat because wood had more value than the money.

We Are Getting $700 Billion From Where?

The US dollar is a fiat currency. That means that it is not backed by gold or any other asset but instead is backed by “the full faith and credit” of the United States Government. As we increase the national debt we are destroying faith that the rest of the world has in our economy. As that faith erodes the dollar will fall further, and imported goods (read oil) will cost more and more. The inflation that we are already experiencing can quickly turn to hyper-inflation if we keep spending money that we don’t have.

Hyper-inflation is an end-stage terminal cancer to any fiat currency. However that inflation does not immediately follow the event that caused it. In Germany the Weimar republic began printing excess money in 1919, but the hyper-inflation didn’t take hold until a few years later. It may be several years before we see the real effects of the proposed bailout that we have before us.

No Simple Solution

There is little doubt that something needs to be done. My initial reaction is to let these businesses fail and have the chips fall where they may. Capitalism follows the law of the jungle in that it is truly survival of the fittest. However, it is not so cut and dried in this case. This crisis touches everyone whether they realize it or not. We are now faced with choosing the lesser of two evils, let the economy collapse or get this bailout deal done and hope it doesn’t collapse anyway.

My grandmother was a simple woman

My Grandmother 1909-1999

who was never more than a blue-collar worker. Yet somehow she managed to buy her own house and live a decent life. She had a great work ethic and believed that people should earn the things that they want, not have them handed to them. One of the most difficult things that I ever had to do was to give the eulogy at her funeral, yet it was also one of my proudest moments. I can’t help but wonder what she would think of this mess if she were still here among us. I’m sure she would want to know how we let this happen.

A weak currency is the sign of a weak economy, and a weak economy leads to a weak nation.Ross Perot

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  1. Who knew? Thank you Grandma for the very lesson we need in using “fiat” money. Thank you, Richard, for the article/education and sharing the gift your grandmother left for you. Please read: The Creatures from Jekyll Island for more on the US Economy and fiat money. God Bless.

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