Bar Stool Economics


You may have already seen this particular economics propoundment but, then, maybe you haven’t. It is making the round of the Internet. I decided to use it because it hammers the real estate debacle square on the jaw.

For whatever reason, the government decided to beat up the tenth man leaving the rest of us with what appears to be only one way to go. Of course, your interpretation may not parallel mine. So be it.


Suppose that every day, ten men go out for beer and the bill for all ten comes to $100. If they paid their bill the way we pay our taxes, it would go something like this:

The first four men (the poorest) would pay nothing.
The fifth would pay $1.
The sixth would pay $3.
The seventh would pay $7.
The eighth would pay $12.
The ninth would pay $18.
The tenth man (the richest) would pay $59.

So, that’s what they decided to do.

The ten men drank in the bar every day and seemed quite happy with the arrangement, until one day, the owner threw them a curve. “Since you are all such good customers,” he said, “I’m going to reduce the cost of your daily beer by $20.” Drinks for the ten now cost just $80.

The group still wanted to pay their bill the way we pay our taxes so the first four men were unaffected.
They would still drink for free.

But what about the other six men – the paying customers?

How could they divide the $20 windfall so that everyone would get his ‘fair share?’

They realized that $20 divided by six is $3.33.

But if they subtracted that from everybody’s share, then the fifth man and the sixth man would each end up being paid to drink his beer.

So, the bar owner suggested that it would be fair to reduce each man’s bill by roughly the same amount, and he proceeded to work out the amounts each should pay.

And so:

The fifth man, like the first four, now paid nothing (100% savings).
The sixth now paid $2 instead of $3 (33%savings).
The seventh now pay $5 instead of $7 (28%savings).
The eighth now paid $9 instead of $12 (25% savings).
The ninth now paid $14 instead of $18 (22% savings).
The tenth now paid $49 instead of $59 (16% savings).

Each of the six was better off than before. And the first four continued to drink for free.

Beer And Thinking Start To Mix

But once outside the restaurant, the men began to compare their savings.

“I only got a dollar out of the $20,”declared the sixth man He pointed to the tenth man,” but he got $10!”

“Yeah, that’s right,” exclaimed the fifth man. “I only saved a dollar, too. It’s unfair that he got ten times more than I!”

“That’s true!!” shouted the seventh man. “Why should he get $10 back when I got only two? The wealthy get all the breaks!”

“Wait a minute,” yelled the first four men in unison. “We didn’t get anything at all. The system exploits the poor!”

The nine men surrounded the tenth and beat him up.

Tenth Man Disappears

The next night the tenth man didn’t show up for drinks, so the nine sat down and had beers without him.

But when it came time to pay the bill, they discovered something important. They didn’t have enough money between all of them for even half of the bill!

And that, ladies and gentlemen, journalists and college professors, is how our tax system works. The people who pay the highest taxes get the most benefit from a tax reduction.

Tax them too much, attack them for being wealthy, and they just may not show up anymore.

In fact, they might start drinking overseas where the atmosphere is somewhat friendlier.

For those who understand, no explanation is needed.

For those who do not understand, no explanation is possible.


I don’t want to sound like a crepe hanger so I’ll invite one and all to show me how the above scenario didn’t happen in this last real estate bubble. Remember, you may have zero interest in politics but politics has an all consuming interest in you, and your beer drinking habits.

Photo Credit: Rennett Stowe

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  1. If my experience in the sales end of the health industry is any indication, the lowest 4 have been trained to believe they are “entitled” to not only health insurance but a relatively high income just for being alive. They possess a “I am poor mindset” and refuse to even consider other possibilities.

    The beauty of this blog is it gives people a way out of that mindset. I believe you are correct in saying the politicians skew laws and policies in the favor of their friends. That should be remedied via the vote.

    But, again, because men 1 through 4 are receiving some sort of handout from the politicians, (s)he gets their vote and the carnage is perpetuated.

    BTW, health insurance companies and your doctor are in bed w/Big Pharma. If you do some research, you will unmask the true snake in the wood pile.

    Regardless, keep voting in the incumbent and complaining about bad laws and you have merely reworded Ben Franklin’s definition of insanity.

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