With the unprecedented drop in real estate values over the last few years, more and more people are trying their hand at real estate investing. With the wealth of available knowledge related to real estate investing, it is not difficult to research the possible investment strategies and locations in which to invest.
Not surprisingly, investors in this market cycle seem to be more cautious about their investing … especially when compared to the wild west attitude of the mid-2000’s that were characterized by unsustainable appreciation and rampant speculation. I got into this business fulltime in 2005 and clearly remember those investors who blindly jumped into negative-am loans on properties with negative cash flow all on the basis of future growth. We’ve come a long way since then and while investors do appear to be more cautious in their approach, there are still plenty of opportunities to make a bad investment decision in this market.
How to Invest in Real Estate While Working a Full-Time Job
Many investors think that they need to quit their job to get started in real estate. Not true! Many investors successfully build large portfolios over the years while enjoying the stability of their full-time job. If that’s something you are interested in, then this investor’s story of how he built a real estate business while keeping his 9-5 might be helpful.
Here are 3 Common Missteps that can Derail Your Real Estate Investing:
Buying a Property Because it’s Cheap: It can be tempting for new investors to jump at properties based almost exclusively on the price tag. Yes, you can buy properties today for less than a new car, but that doesn’t necessarily make them good investments. Regardless of the price, investors must carefully analyze whether or not the numbers still make sense once renovations, acquisitions costs, ongoing vacancy and maintenance, etc. have been calculated. And even then, a property that pencils out on paper may still not make a good investment. I tend to ask myself if the headache (ie. turnover, crime, tenant quality) and/or opportunity cost of buying a particular house makes sense.
Buying Without The End in Mind: Most investors buy investment properties for the positive cashflow and potential equity growth. However, I’ve found that most investors haven’t really formulated a clear philosophy and exit strategy before investing. Some investors lean towards selling the property and maximizing a potential profit as soon as feasibly possible, while other investors know from the outset that their goal is to hold the property for 30 years and produce income. Knowing which strategy you want to employ is crucial before deciding where to invest, how to finance, and what kind of property to buy.
Underestimating Your True Cost: I think many investors tend to be overly optimistic when it comes to expenses associated with a real estate investment. Buying a property, renovating it, financing it and then renting it comes with a litany of expenses along the way. It starts with accurately estimating the costs associated with closing and financing a property. What are the attorney’s fees, the loan fees, state and local recording fees? And even more importantly, how much is the rehab really going to cost you? If you choose to take short cuts now, what will your maintenance numbers look like over the next few years (ie. new HVAC? New roof? Etc). Just because you didn’t pay for a repair at acquisition does not mean that you should forget to include this as a future expenditure. New investors should be very careful and conservative when planning towards their first few investment properties as costs tend to be more than anticipated.
Having bought and sold a number of properties over the years, I can say that my experience (including my mistakes) has been an invaluable teacher. Looking back, I wish I had spent a little more time seeking counsel from more experienced investors before diving in. However, ongoing education over the years has taught me to be much more selective and analytical in my approach to real estate investing. Learning to discern the right investments from the wrong is fundamental to becoming a consistently profitable investor.