Excerpts From Our Best Lease Clauses

by | BiggerPockets.com

We’ve inherited a lot of leases over the years when taking over the management of properties from stressed out Do-It-Yourselfers and competitors.

Most of them were…OK…but a surprising number had at least one issue that stood out to us as a red flag: something that could potentially cause serious trouble, either legally or financially, down the road. After enough of these, we realized that people genuinely don’t know how a lease should look — and we’d like to fix that with an ongoing monthly series. Let’s begin:

Rent Payment

Let’s start with one of the most important clauses — if this isn’t properly written, you’ll have given that inch, and have tenants taking the proverbial mile from you!

There are two major components of this clause actually:

  • When is the rent due? (And is there a grace period?)
  • What happens if the rent is not paid on time?

Related: Landlords: How To Make Extra Rental Income with Late Rent Payments

The Due Date

First up is the due date.

Seems fairly straightforward to require the rent to be paid by the first of every month or a similar date, right? Well if you shook your head yes to that you’re either new or riding a great streak of luck! By the way, do yourself a favor and have all your lease payments due on the same day of the month.

Inevitably, a tenant will contact you about their rent and you’ll either be out of the office or your internet/computer will be down (it’s always something) — and if you’ve got your rents due on all different days, good luck remembering them all.

So why is a straightforward due date not so straightforward? Simple: tenants are masters of excuses! ‘I mailed the rent in on the same day I always do, so it can’t be late.’ ‘I mailed it on time but they sent it back for some reason.’ The excuses go on and on.

So you want to unequivocally ensure there is no room for excuses. Something like, ‘Rent is to be received by us no later than the first of each month as postmarked by the US Postal Service.

No exceptions shall be granted for weekends, holidays, natural disasters or anything else and tenant is solely responsible for obtaining and retaining any proof of delivery or receipt.

Take that, excuse-makers! Now if someone wants to claim they mailed the rent on time, just look at the postmark date and if it’s late direct them to discuss it with the postmaster. Note: if they pay via their bank’s online billpay service there is no postmark date, making this a bit trickier.

Penalties for Late Payment

There are two basic psychological choices to try to get tenants to pay on time: the carrot, and the stick.

The carrot (reward) approach involves offering the appearance of a rent ‘discount’ if they pay on time. The stick (penalty) approach charges an extra fee for paying late. Which one works better? Well many psych studies have shown humans respond more to the stick than they do to carrots.

Seems we’ll stay in a comfy rut we know and forego a pleasurable reward, but will exert more effort to avoid a ‘painful’ penalty. We’ve also seen combinations of the two approaches offering a discount for paying early AND a penalty for paying late.

Ultimately it doesn’t really matter which you choose to use as most tenants won’t even read, much less remember, the language you use. You may also have to contend with what a judge thinks of your approach if you have to go to court for an eviction or collection. We’ve had judges cut our late fees deeming them too excessive!

One important item we see 80%+ of leases missing, is that they don’t address the smart aleck tenant who says, ‘Since you’re already charging me a late fee, I’ll just pay my rent on the day before you take me to court.’ You don’t think a tenant will play games like this?

Again, you either just got started or you should be a professional gambler with the winning streak you’re on. To address this issue just make sure you lease has a per diem late fee that also kicks in after a grace period. Just keep it reasonable and be prepared to negotiate it with a tenant-friendly judge if you have to.

Grace Periods

Speaking of grace periods, does yours really make your ‘due on the first’ language worthless?

Say your lease states rent is due on the first and there’s a five day grace period before a late fee kicks in. What happens if a tenant always pays on the 5th? Haven’t they effectively spit on your due date of the first? Or how about that carrot approach that rewards a tenant with a discount if they pay on time, but they always pay well after the first?

Related: If You’re Going To Be A Landlord . . . Do It Right From Day 1!

You might want to make any grace period you offer ‘revocable’ and clearly define when you will revoke it. Something like, ‘grace period will be revoked at landlord’s sole discretion if tenant pays after the first three times in any 6 month period.’

Please share your thoughts and ideas on further improvements to these ideas — we’re the first to admit we haven’t figured everything out, and we’re always learning. We’d prefer a fellow real estate professional teach us a thing or two as opposed to a tenant!

Be sure to leave your comments below!

About Author

Drew Sygit

While in the mortgage business, Drew rose to a VP position at the first broker he worked for and then started his own company. In the pursuit of excellence, he obtained several mortgage designations and joined mortgage & several affiliate association Boards. He also did WebX presentations and public speaking. It was during this time he started personally investing in single-family rentals, leading him to also start Royal Rose Property Management with two partners. He also joined the Board of a local real estate investors association, eventually becoming its President. The real estate crash led to an offer from the banking industry to manage a Michigan bank’s failed bank assets they acquired from the FDIC. The bank acquired four failed banks from the FDIC, increasing from $100M in assets to over $2B while he was there. After that, he took over as President of Royal Rose Property Management. Today, he speaks at national property management conventions and does WebX presentations.


  1. I’ve never used nor understood why someone would use a grace period. If it’s counterintuitive to me (the landlord), then it’s certainly counterintuitive to the tenants. It’s sending a mixed message that rent is DUE on the 1st, but you have until X days to PAY.

    I keep it simple by having all of my rents due ON the 1st of the month with no grace period, no exceptions. If they ask about a grace period, I tell them “you have the entire month to prepare to pay the next month’s rent”. If you want to give your tenants the illusion of a grace period, then make your rent due on the 5th of the month.

  2. Brian Levredge on

    Grace periods are often more a matter of legislation than anything else in that many states limit when late fees can actually be charged. Same holds true with mortgages. Yes, rent is late on the 2nd, but you can’t necessarily charge for that, and while you can choose not to accept it and evict, do you really want to go through the hassle and expense of that process all the while not receiving income for an occupied unit? I think this is more a matter of the state creating the problem than the landlord.

  3. Lee Richter

    The checks in the mail is no excuse with me. I only have 4 ways rent can be paid. 1. Automatic transfer from there bank. 2. Direct deposit. 3. bill pay from there bank. 4. go to the teller at one of four branches at our Credit Union and make deposit. Deposits are to be made only with cash, certified check, or money order. No personal checks. If rent is not receive by 5:00 Pm on the 3rd then a $50 late fee. $10 everyday after that until paid. On the forth a 24 hour pay or vacate is put on door & text to them. If rent is not receive with in 24 hours tenants have to have written permission to pay in part or whole after that. I don’t want them depositing partial or whole payment if they have not talked to me and we have a meeting of the minds. All of this is in lease. Also it says that an eviction can only be stopped once.

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