Landlording & Rental Properties

Forced Appreciation in Buy & Holds: How to Create Your Own Great Deals

Expertise: Personal Development, Real Estate Deal Analysis & Advice, Real Estate Investing Basics, Business Management
42 Articles Written

When most investors start out, they run a few numbers and come up with an acceptable price, condition and location for an investment property. All of us do this. The next step is to set up an internet search that emails you when these properties come available. Piece of cake. Now all you have to do is just sit back and wait for good deals to come your way, right?

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Wrong. The problem with armchair investing is that everyone else is doing the same thing. We all use the same numbers, come to the same conclusions and have access to the same software to do searches. In general, if it’s easy, more people will do it, which increases competition and drives down profitability.

Related: Why Forced Appreciation Makes Multi Family Investing Better, Hands Down.

Think about this in terms of jobs. Everyone is looking for that high paying job that doesn’t require much work. How likely are you find it? “Does it even exist?” is the more important question. A lot of the properties people want as investments also don’t exist.

Here’s why waiting for good deals to come your way is a bad idea: When you list a house for sale, realtors can look at how many people viewed the property online and how many saved it to their favorites. I can tell you from experience as a realtor that you will usually get thousands of views and emails sent out the first day a property hits the market.

If that property really is a good deal, everyone knows. Typically, investors following this strategy will rush over there and put in a bid the first day, hoping to beat everyone else. Guess what? Everyone else is doing this too. Sellers realize pretty quickly what’s happening and will wait until they get more bids before selling. It happens all the time. So how do you beat the competition? You learn to create good deals instead of waiting for them to come to you.

Today I will do what others won’t, so tomorrow I can accomplish what others can’t.” – Jerry Rice

Forced Appreciation

Forced appreciation is buying something that’s not a good investment and making it into a good investment. Arm chair investors are not looking for or bidding on these homes, which reduces competition and increases profitability. After giving you some of the ins and outs of this concept, I’ll end with a true story of friend of mine who only bought non-cash flow properties and made millions using forced appreciation.

Benefits of Forced Appreciation

  • Quick
  • Less competition
  • Increased cash flow and appreciation

Drawbacks of Forced Appreciation

  • Requires specialized knowledge
  • More time spent analyzing properties
  • Typically a one time benefit

Forced appreciation can be adding resale value and/or increasing rents on a property.

A Few Ways to Increase Rental Income Through Forced Appreciation

  • Create an additional room in a larger house
    • People are usually willing to pay more for a three bedroom than a two bedroom, even if square footage is similar.
  • Convert attic space to living space
  • Convert basements to extra living space
    • You can double the living square footage of some houses and significantly increase rents for the cost of carpet and drywall.
  • Convert garages into living space
    • People love garages, but renters will pay more for extra living space.
  • Build a mother-in-law unit or studio in the backyard to rent out. This can significantly increase cash flow because you already own the land.
  • Use Airbnb instead of simply renting to bring in more monthly income. Airbnb will show you how often a property has been rented so you can run an analysis. 

A Few Ways to Increase Property Value Through Forced Appreciation

  • Add bathrooms
    • Most people are looking for more than one full bathroom now. It’s not always profitable, so see what people are willing to pay for in your area.
  • Add bedrooms
    • Properties are valued based on similar properties. Adding bedrooms can change the comparables and increase the price of the home. Drywall is cheap.
  • Add curb appeal
    • Most people rent and buy using emotion; first impressions matter.
  • Rehab a cheap duplex while living there and then increase rents. Multifamily properties are valued based on the income they generate. Not only will you increase rental income, but also property value.

Related: Investing for Cash Flow or Appreciation – What’s the Difference?
Learning what works in your area takes a lot of boring analysis. But once you figure it out, you’ll be able to easily repeat the process or move on to finding other ways to force appreciate properties. Very few people do this and miss out on great opportunities.

Here’s the story you’ve been waiting for. I know an investor who would almost exclusively buy large three bedroom homes that had no chance of cash flow. She would then create two more bedrooms (moving walls or converting garages) and one more bathroom within the house. At an average price of $500 a room (college students) in our area, she was able to turn a break-even house into $1,000 a month cash flow with no competition. She has been buying at least one home a year for over 20 years just on the income from forced appreciation.

If I had an hour to solve a problem, I’d spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes thinking about solutions.” – Albert Einstein

If you can master forced appreciation in your area, you will be your only competition. Every property will become a potential investment.

Investors: Have you forced appreciation in your properties?

Leave your stories and tips below!

Brett Lee is a licensed Real Estate Broker in Portland Oregon where he helps people achieve a better future so they can do the things that truly make them happy. Brett is also a buy-and-hold invest...
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    Adam Schneider Flipper/Rehabber from Raleigh, NC
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Britt, Nice article. How many properties have you personally purchased where you added a bedroom? I ask because I’m interested in hearing how you factor the cost. When I add a bathroom, I know what SF I need, and what the cost is for a half and a full. I haven’t converted a garage or added a bedroom. Any insight is appreciated.
    Darren Sager Investor from Summit, NJ
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Great article Britt. This is one of the best ways I feel that investors can make money in more competitive markets where the sellers have all the power. If they’re willing to follow these examples they can put more money into their accounts and make properties cash flow much better.
    Emily S. Veterinarian from Leesburg, VA
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Very helpful article! Forcing appreciation can be done readily and can be as easy as adding coin-operated laundry to a multi-unit property. Thanks for the thought provoking blog.
    Annapolis real estate
    Replied over 4 years ago
    This is really a great effort to do the job perfectly and effectively. Nice to see this lovely post and great to know about this. Thanks for sharing about this. Very informative and enjoyable….
    Scott Trench President of BiggerPockets from Denver, CO
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Brett – I always take the time to read your articles. I think they are some of the most insightful and clear ones we have. Please keep producing these excellent pieces and showcasing your incredible wealth of knowledge.
    Matt R.
    Replied over 4 years ago
    I am still new but forced appreciation for me is what rei is all about. This is what seperates rei from all other investing. If you are not in the FA game you might be missing the biggest advantage we have.
    Andrew Cordle from Alpharetta, Georgia
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Real estate investing requires initiative, so forced appreciation is a great way to create your own good deals.
    Chris Carollo from Western Springs, Illinois
    Replied over 4 years ago
    This is a great article and speaks to what we’ve done with the last couple houses we’ve acquired. Our end goal is to end up with 3 bed 2 bath houses for rent. One house we purchased only had 1 full bath but had a massive Laundry Room right behind it. We were able to tighten up the laundry room to create a second full bath with stand up shower. Is it huge? Nope, but its a fully functional bathroom. In another, the previous owner had removed the tub from a full bath and replaced it with a double sink, leaving the house with only 1 full bath. We removed the double vanity and put in a shower stall reasonably easy.
    Amy Wolf Real Estate Investor from Galt, California
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Very great insight. We are struggling with finding good deals in our area, but I love this idea and we are so new that it never crossed my mind to try this. I have found many houses that have room to modify or add. Thank you so much for sharing this. I now have something new to consider. Love it.
    Brett Lee from Portland, Oregon
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Let me know how it works out and what you end up doing. I’m always looking for new ideas and strategies.
    Savannah Dillon Homeowner from Reading, Pennsylvania
    Replied over 4 years ago
    I love this idea, especially as a newbie with practically zero capital. We own our home and have a garage and very large sunroom that could definitely be changed up to bring in some extra cash through renting, all while generating more capital for future property purchases. Great ideas!
    Brett Lee from Portland, Oregon
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Rent it out as a studio apartment or air bnb if it’s in a good area. Let me know if it works and if you figure out something you’ve never read anywhere. I would love to talk about it in a future article.
    Brandon Lamson from Madison, Wisconsin
    Replied over 4 years ago
    This sounds like a really good strategy. I especially like the idea of adding value not just for myself, but for prospective or current tenants because I would hope to sell a product that will make attractive tenants happy, not just something someone is willing to settle for. I’m wondering, has anyone done some rough calculations of the time needed to break even on various kinds of improvements? Or know of a source where one can get some rough estimates? If adding an air conditioner or dishwasher can let you raise the rent as little as $5/month, I can guess that it might pay off in a couple years or less, but I’m having trouble guessing the cost and return to other more major improvements such as remodeling kitchens, adding bathrooms, or even adding bedrooms. The bedrooms actually sounds like it would be really hard to do. As a renter myself in Madison, WI, I was often turned off by converted houses that had been chopped up into barely livable rooms, and I can imagine the time, permits, and money to do all that might be prohibitive anyway. Thanks a lot!
    Randy Reed Real Estate Professional from Odenville, Alabama
    Replied over 4 years ago
    I love the idea of forced appreciate, Brett. I agree that sitting and watching for that one GREAT deal can result in a long wait, for exactly the reasons you stated. I haven’t actively looked to increase value through the type of forced appreciation you mention, but it will definitely be a tactic of mine going foward. Thanks!
    Randy Reed Real Estate Professional from Odenville, Alabama
    Replied over 4 years ago
    “appreciation”, not “appreciate”. Though I did appreciate this article.
    Ayodeji Kuponiyi Investor from King of Prussia, Pennsylvania
    Replied over 4 years ago
    Is it possible to force appreciation on a duplex? Considering the value of a multifamily like a duplex is based off the comps around the surrounding similar property. I can see force appreciation working on a commercial property like small apartment building (5-20 units) but for a duplex, one has to consider zoning and permits from your area depending if they allow it.