Real Estate Investing Basics

Why It’s (Almost) Impossible to Succeed in Real Estate Investing by Simply Dabbling in It

Expertise: Mortgages & Creative Financing, Business Management, Landlording & Rental Properties, Commercial Real Estate, Real Estate Deal Analysis & Advice, Real Estate Investing Basics, Personal Development
169 Articles Written

We’ve all heard it’s better to be a master of one trade than a jack of many. And this applies to entrepreneurs and investors as well. The dreaded “shiny object syndrome” can tempt and debilitate even—or perhaps especially—the most seasoned of investors.

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I’ve seen a lot of real estate investors get caught up in all sorts of other things, from stocks to currency trading to other industries to whatever. It usually doesn’t work well. That’s not to say there’s no point in ever diversifying, but it should be done in a careful and systematic way. And if you decide to go for it, you need to really go for it. Diddling in one thing and then another is sure to wreak havoc on your returns.

This also applies to niches within the real estate industry itself. There are so many different niches that it can be overwhelming; student housing, Airbnb, commercial, industrial, office, new construction, notes, second position notes, foreclosure auctions, tax auctions, Section 8, apartment syndications, lease options, luxury housing, etc. Again, this is not to say that you have to only pick one or that if an incredible opportunity in a niche you don’t specialize in comes by that you should turn it down. But you do need to be very careful not to pick too many niches and spread yourself too thin. You want to master a niche (or a few select niches), not do a little bit of everything.


Related: 4 Tips to Find Your Niche in Real Estate (& Actually START Investing!)

Concentrate Your Forces

I was reminded of this when reading the wholly amoral book The 48 Laws of Power by Robert Greene. Rule 23 is “concentrate your forces.” As he notes:

“Concentrate on a single goal, a single task, and beat it into submission. In the world of power you will constantly need help from other people, usually those more powerful than you. The fool flits from one person to another, believing that he will survive by spreading himself out. It is a corollary of the law of concentration, however, that much energy is saved, and more power is attained, by affixing yourself to a single, appropriate source of power. The scientist Nikola Tesla ruined himself by believing that he somehow maintained his independence by not having to serve a single master. He even turned down J.P. Morgan, who offered him a rich contract. In the end, Tesla’s ‘independence’ meant that he could depend on no single patron, but was always having to toady up to a dozen of them. Later in his life, he realized his mistake” (Greene 175).

Of course, most of us aren’t playing in some sort of Game of Thrones style lust-for-power. But the same thing that applies to seeking patrons or building empires applies to real estate niches as well. Many entrepreneurs and investors spread themselves way too thin chasing after this or that while failing to “concentrate their forces.”

I myself have done this before and found myself feeling lost. The more things I chase at the same time, the harder it is to concentrate on any given task. And it is focus and concentration that are the keys to success. A great example of this being done right was how Jack Welch redesigned General Electric when he took over the early 1980’s. From John Maxwell’s The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership: Follow Them and People Will Follow You:

“To the hundreds of businesses and product lines that made up the company, [Welch] applied a single criterion: can they be number 1 or number 2 at whatever they do in the world marketplace? Of the 348 businesses or product lines that could not, [GE] closed some and divested others. Their sale brought in almost $10 billion. [GE] invested $18 billion in the ones that remained and further strengthened them with $17 billion worth of acquisitions.

“What remained [in 1989], aside from a few relatively small supporting operations, are 14 world-class businesses… each one either first or second in the world market in which it participates.”

General Electric went on to experience remarkable success and become, for a time, the most valuable company in the world.

Related: Why All Real Estate Investors (No Matter What Niche) Should Keep a Long-Term View in Mind

Go All In

For newbies out there, if real estate investment is what you want to do, it is absolutely critical that you go all in. Yes, you may have to continue working at your job for a while, but you cannot be successful in real estate by dabbling. Real estate investment is very lucrative, but despite what some gurus may say, it’s not easy. You have to focus on it and put a lot of energy into it to be successful.

And for the seasoned pros out there, the shiny object can be the death of us all. Yes, sometimes it makes sense to diversify or jump at an opportunity outside your area of expertise. But it rarely if ever makes sense just to dabble in a new thing because it’s “interesting” or “different.” To be successful in any particular niche, you need to go at it with the same energy and enthusiasm you started out in real estate with.

A house divided cannot stand and dabbling here and there will not a successful real estate investor make.

What do you think? Is it possible to dabble in REI (and its niches) and be successful over the long-term?

Weigh in below!

Andrew Syrios has been investing in real estate for over a decade and is a partner with Stewardship Investments, LLC along with his brother Phillip and father Bill. Stewardship Investments focuses on the BRRRR strategy—buying, rehabbing and renting out houses and apartments throughout the Kansas City area. Today, they have over 300 properties and just under 500 units. Stewardship Properties on the whole has just under 1,000 units in six states. Andrew received a Bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the University of Oregon with honors and his Masters in Entrepreneurial Real Estate from the University of Missouri in Kansas City. He has also obtained his CCIM designation (Certified Commercial Investment Member). Andrew has been a writer for BiggerPockets on real estate and business management since 2015. He has also contributed to Think Realty Magazine, REI Club, Elite Daily, Thought Catalog, The Data Driven Investor and Alley Watch.

    Egan Lohman from Bozeman, MT
    Replied about 1 year ago
    Thanks Andrew – I needed to hear that.
    Jason Tungate
    Replied about 1 year ago
    This is absolutely correct AND the “swift kick” I needed. I’m trying to conjure start-ups to get me out of my 9-5 grind and swoop back around and do real estate investing full time. It CANNOT be done…and should not be done. Those hobby start-ups and interesting business ventures come AFTER one has made a clear and profitable path in RE investing, to do it the opposite way, would take and will take the focus and energy needed to break the entry barriers to RE investing. F.O.C.U.S. follow one course until successful—-indeed.
    Erik Trefzger Specialist from Seattle, WA
    Replied about 1 year ago
    I disagree with this article– it’s very easy to dabble in real estate and generate tremendous wealth, unlike any other industry I know of. As long as you remain patient, buy rentals, and keep a long-term time horizon, it’s hard to lose in real estate. The key of course is that many people can’t stick with a 15+ year time horizon and aren’t patient enough.
    Andrew Syrios Residential Real Estate Investor from Kansas City, Missouri
    Replied about 1 year ago
    I probably should have been more specific. If you’re going use real estate as a more passive investment, buy a rental here and there and put it with a property management company; sure, that can work. But that works similar to the way that a 401K works (although in my opinion, a bit better because real estate is a better investment overall). To be an active real estate investor though. Trying to wholesale or flip or find BRRRR type buy-and-holds on the side is rarely going to work.
    Melinda Warren Rental Property Investor from Los Angeles, CA
    Replied about 1 year ago
    Thank you Andrew! This message of “focus” always deserves to be highlighted. Distraction is a powerful force, but we all need FOCUS to be our guiding light. Drill down and dig in, first land & then expand. Don’t “spray & pray” because the time, mindshare and investments simply don’t pan out when you’re a mile wide and an inch deep. Lots of analogies here, but I’d love to see a deeper dive on what, when and how the concept of diversification should be employed based on others perspectives and experiences in REI space. Hopefully, we’re all aspiring to spend the majority of our time in this industry and making great strides. Thank you!
    Kent Hall Rental Property Investor
    Replied about 1 year ago
    It seems like you are indicating that people cannot succeed in real estate without going all in. And those who are simply trying to invest in a modest number of investment properties as a way to diversify their financial holdings will not “succeed”. Is it your position that someone who wants to put a portion of their income into a small RE portfolio in hopes adding to monthly revenue and saving for the future will not find success? Does the “buy one investment property a year” approach to building wealth and retirement income not work? I feel like you may be painting with too broad of a brush, but I am happy to be corrected if I am missunderstanding. Thank you for the intellectually stimulating article.
    Noel Leon
    Replied about 1 year ago
    I love love love this article ! Truly one cann learn by just keeping an open mind and just listening instead of criticism all the time . My light of consciousness has turned on again after being clogged with so many things and not focusing my energy on one goal at a time . I reside in Nashville TN and purchased my first investment property in may 2016. It has been an excellent investment but the market as become so congested it’s been difficult to find another one. But after reading it makes sense patience is a virtue and my next one will come.. Thanks for sharing. God bless…
    Anthony Wick Rental Property Investor from Ankeny, IA
    Replied about 1 year ago
    That’s certainly one take. And I’m sure there isn’t more than, oh, say, a couple million examples out there that proves it wrong. No, seriously. The whole article was hyperbole and opinion. Not only that, but it literally flies directly in the face of what Bigger Pockets is about and has preached for ages.
    Kent Hall Rental Property Investor
    Replied about 1 year ago
    Well said.