The History of Interest Rates & Some Perspective
Today’s 4%-ish (jumbo) and 5%-ish rates are really low by historical standards — which is a point I make often.
There are two charts below: one shows mortgage rates over the last 12 months, and the bottom shows mortgage rates since 1971 — and both are fascinating for different reasons.
The bottom chart from 1971 reminds us that rates hit 18% in the early 1980s and hovered in the 10% range for the remainder of the decade.
Rates were in the 8% range for most of the 1990s and were close to 7% prior to the 2008 meltdown.
More Interesting Though Is The History Over The Last 12 Months
The first interesting thing to see is just how much and how quickly rates have climbed since last August — when the average was under 3%!
Interest rate increases of that nature will put any economy in turmoil — and it is amazing that the housing market remains as robust as it is!
BUT — HERE IS WHAT IS REALLY INTERESTING:
The average 30-year rate peaked in June in the mid 6% range but it is now in the low 5% range — even though the Fed raised the Fed Funds Rate twice since that peak!
Put another way: the Fed RAISED the Fed Funds Rate a total of 1.5% since mid-June and 30-year mortgage rates FELL by 1%.
This is just another reminder of the following: (1) The Fed does not control long-term (mortgage) rates; (2) When the Fed increases the Fed Funds Rate, long-term rates often fall if the markets perceive the Fed Funds Rate increase as “inflation fighting;” and (3) The markets (bond buyers) appear to expect a recession and even lower rates (and the bond market is rarely ever wrong).