Assessment ratio is 4% for owner occupied and 6% for non-owner occupied property.
Assessed value = Market value x assessment ratio
Property tax = Assessed value x millage rate.
Millage rates vary by county. Under SC state law, property is reassessed every five years. Not all counties in the state are on the same schedule. Addtionally, you may trigger a reassessment when you purchase the property.
For your purposes, use your tax assessor's estimate of market value to estimate the property taxes, understanding that the tax may change next year when your purchase triggers a reassessment.
Note that Market value is not the same as appraised value, but rather, the tax assessor's estimate of value which may be based on average sale comps in your market in the previous reassement year.
@Christopher Tinsley Here is a simple example:
I had a property go from $700 a year to $2,000 a year when I moved out and went to 6%.
You are not giving us all the details. When you moved out, your property tax increased when your assessment ratio went from 4% to 6%. But that alone is not enough to explain the total increase in your tax bill. Some other things that may have also happened at the same time,
- your county tax assessor increased (doubled?) the assessed value
- your millage rates increased
- you lost the senior homestead exemption for an owner occupied property
- some combination of all the above.
@Dave Toelkes , I figured he was just looking for an easy comparison of what to expect. There are many other people better qualified to give the full low-down on the tax calculation but here is my best try:
When a owner moves out the assessment goes from 4% to 6%. That property also loses the School Tax Deduction. That was a law passed a few years ago that gives owner occupants a deduction on school district operating costs. So the deduction basically reduces the millage rate. This is for Richland County. I don't know about other counties. Example...
$100,000 taxable value.
$100,000 x 4% (owner occupied) = $4,000 Assessment
$4,000 x .260 (district millage rate) = $1,020 Tax amount
$4,000 x .130 (district millage discount) = $510 property tax relief
$1,020 Tax amount - $510 property tax relief = $510 Property tax for owner occupant.
$100,000 taxable value
$100,000 x 6% (Non-owner occupied) = $6,000 Assessment
$6,000 x .260 (district millage rate) = $1,530 Tax amount for Non-owner occupied
Thanks for the break down that does help a lot and I'm glad I'm aware of it before I buy!
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